Despite criticism of the high rate of expenditure on the ISS, it had been exploited to the full until 2020. Many stations systems were in usable workable condition, so that all five partners (Russia, US, EU, Japan and Canada) decided to continue using the ISS. The flying research laboratory has been turned into a testing ground for a new generation of missile technology, which will give mankind the opportunity to fly beyond the near-Earth space, to Mars and even asteroids. Various components are being delivered to the space station to build a spacecraft that would no longer be launched from the surface of the Earth, but from the ISS that has been given a new lease of life. The first harbinger is a small, manned aircraft that has already circled the moon several times and returned to Earth without intermediate stops on the orbital station.