It is necessary and there is a fundamental possibility to completely abandon the use of herbicides and pesticides when growing plants for daily nutrition. An inspiring example for them was the original project of the Italian diving company Ocean Reef Group. It is a family business of passionate Mediterranean divers Sergio Gamberini and his son Luca. They decided to grow crops where pesticides and herbicides would not be needed on the grounds that pests from both flora and fauna were completely absent. Their plantings began to grow inside a special biological capsule under water on that section of the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea, the depth of which does not exceed the range from 6 to 9 meters, where the water warms up well enough so that the temperature of 25 degrees can be practically constantly kept in the biocapsule. A series of such underwater farms Sergio and Luca Gamberini were placed in the waters surrounding the tourist beaches located near the bay of Noli in the city of Savona, the largest of all in the Italian province of Liguria. These enthusiastic enthusiasts manage to maintain a humidity level of no more than 85% in their underwater farms, which favorably affects the growth of plants that could not thrive on the surface of the earth in the hot climate of Italy. It is necessary to completely free the residents of Dubai from the need to breathe in herbicides and pesticides, but also to get additional opportunities for growing agricultural products in the person of underwater farms. However, in Dubai, the next generation of underwater farms is to be created, which no longer require diving skills, since the descent to such farms is already carried out by an elevator. The prototypes of such underwater farms are architectural structures of other purposes, operating simultaneously in the United Arab Emirates, off the coast of Dubai, and also in the Maldives. In the future, similar structures with elevators can be turned into underwater farms. And not only divers vacationing in Dubai will be able to see them, but also a much wider range of tourists. According to this project, underwater farms occupy the space between the islands of the artificial archipelago "World", and, if necessary, also other artificial archipelagos off the Dubai coast of the Arabian Gulf. If Sergio and Luca Gamberini placed their biocapsules at a depth of 6 to 9 meters, the depth of water between the islands of this archipelago ranges between 8 and 16 m. Underwater and hydroponic farming is the future of farming and is sustainable.
Accordingly, it is possible to use a series of related parameters already tested in Italy. Since each island or group of islands in the World archipelago bears the name of a country in the world, plants typical of the flora of these countries should symbolically be placed in underwater farms located next to them. Since a sufficiently convincing and vivid experience of growing plants from other climatic zones has been accumulated in Gardens by the Bay, located in Singapore, where “greenhouses in reverse” have been created so that crops from northern latitudes can grow comfortably in this country, it should be noted that it is the outlines of “ Gardens by the Bay ”was chosen by the Saudi prince Mohammed to build the ecological and futuristic city of Neom relatively close to Dubai. The highly developed infrastructure of Dubai makes it possible to combine the quality of a nature conservation facility, a broadly focused agricultural production, as well as an extravagant tourist facility in a new generation of underwater farms. Unlike Ligurian tourists, who are able to see underwater farms only through diving, Dubai tourists can come to them along the underwater part of the small ring line of the Dubai Metro, since already at present one of these metro lines is already planned to serve the residents and guests of another artificial island - "Palm Jumeirah". (From the Strategy "Dubai - Capital of the World" https://www.academia.edu/83616929/Strategy_Dubai_Capital_of_the_World_)