There aren’t any aboveground parking lots in the city anymore. Drivers no longer need to try to get into a small space near their home or office. It’s not a good idea to try to trick the automatic evacuators, which use a monitoring system based on low-orbit satellites.
Owners of modern self-driving cars are not very inconvenienced by this — now cars can park by themselves. After passengers leave, the car logs on an online auction of available parking spaces and makes a choice according to the owner’s instructions. It can choose parking that’s nearby and, as a result, more expensive, or it can save by going to a far-off multilevel underground parking facility (additional energy expenses should also be taken into account).
Owners of more archaic cars prefer not to drive them in the city center at all. Cars with traditional oil engines (in contrast to electric cars) have to pay an eco-tax when they enter the central zone. Space that was freed up by getting rid of parking has been used to expand the roads, pavements, and green zones.