Technology will exceed the limits of von Neumann architecture. Machines will be neuromorphic, working according to the principles of a biological brain, based on impulsive neural networks but with a macro architecture selected by a human. They will be much more energy-efficient than current technologies. They won’t need an external power source and will be able to work longer by getting some energy from the environment.
These devices will not be programmed, in the current sense of the word. Rather, they will be assigned specific connections.
Examples: wearable personal assistants, autonomous manufacturing and delivery, artificial insects, autonomous research devices (on the ground, underwater, underground, in space). Many public management roles will be done by neuromorphic officials. People will be incredibly dependent on these beings.